A green glazed composition shabti, mummiform, for a man called Padipepet, the son of Padiptah and Bastetiridis, with details added in relief. His expressive face is well modelled, rather oval, and has almond shaped eyes, fleshy cheeks and thick lips which seem being pushed forward a bit. The face is surrounded by a plain lappet wig, leaving the ears visible, and a plaited beard is attached to the chin. His arms appear crossed on the chest and the parallel clenched hands, protruding from a shroud, are holding an incised pick, a hoe and the string of a seed-basket which hangs over his proper left shoulder. The back pillar is inscribed with two columns of deep, well executed hieroglyphs. There is a plinth beneath the feet.
The text reads: "O this ushabti, if the Osiris Padipepet, born to Bastetiridis, is asked, you shall say: Here (I am), true of voice." This is the so-called short version of spell 6 of the Book of the Dead.
Padipepet lived in the 26th dynasty, probably in the period between pharaohs Nekau II (610-595 B.C.) and Apries (589-570 B.C.). His tomb was discovered in 1893 in Sakkara, west of the pyramid of Teti and east of that of Weserkaf. Soon after, his shabtis were officially sold to tourists at the Bulaq Museum (the predecessor of the current Egyptian Museum in Cairo). As a result, shabtis for Padipepet can be found in several major museums as well as in private collections all over the world.
One shabti for Padipep was sold by Nagel Auktionen on 27 May 2008 as part of lot 3425 (together with a miniature statuette of a scribe that was described in the catalogue as possibly not ancient), for € 8000 + buyer's premium!
Hans D. Schneider, Shabtis - An Introduction to the History of Ancient Egyptian Funerary Statuettes. With a Catalogue of the Collection of Shabtis in the National Museum of Leiden. (3 volumes, Leiden, 1977), Volume II, p. XX, no. 5.3.1 and pl. XX; Volume XX, pl. XXX;
Hermann Schlögl - Andreas Brodbeck, Ägyptische Totenfiguren aus öffentlichen und privaten Sammlungen der Schweiz (Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, Series Archeologica, 7) (Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht; Freiburg Schweiz, Universitätsverlag, 1990), p. 241-242, no. 170;
J.-F. Aubert et L. Aubert, Statuettes Egyptiennes: Chaouabtis, Ouchebtis (Paris, 1974), p. 217, 234, 279-281;
Percy E. Newberry, Funerary Statuettes and Model Sarcophagi (Cairo, 1930-1957), p. 137, 411, 431, pl. XLII;
Glenn Janes, Shabtis. A Private View, Ancient Egyptian Funerary Statuettes in European Private Collections (Paris, 2002), p. 167-168, no. 87.
For the name Padipepet see Hermann Ranke, Die ägyptischen Personennamen (3 volumes, Glückstadt - Hamburg, 1935-1976), volume II, 284, 23 (compare also volume I, 123, 12); for the name of the mother see ibid., volume I, 90, 7.
For the confusion about shabtis for different persons called Padipep see also R.I. Rubinstein, "Shaouabtis du Musée de l'Ermitage comportant des inscriptions et des noms inhabituels", Vestnik Drevnej Istorii Moskva (1982, no. 4), p. 70-77.
26th dynasty, ca. 664-525 B.C.
Height 13.9 cm.
Dutch private collection N.A.; previously with Bonhams, sale 15216 of 26 October 2007, lot 437; previously a UK private collector, acquired by his father, who was an antique dealer in the 1950s and 1960s.
Some discoloration: the faience has darkened, some encrustation, surface wear and pitting; a small chip to the nose; miniscule hairline near one of the hieroglyps on the back (ca 4 mm long, shallow an stable and hardly visible to the naked eye); a miniscule spot on the back of the wig (ca 1 mm) that is possibly a drop of glue. Attached to a velvet covered base from an old collection. Fantastic and very clear hieroglyphs!